1. Grants in US$ from the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), a US government entity, to «Minzhu Zhongguo» or «Democratic China, Inc.», where Liu Xiaobo was the founder:
2005: $136,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2005/
2006: $136,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2006/
2007: $145,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2007/
2008: $150,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2008/
2009: $213,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2009/
2010: $220,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2010/
Total sum from NED to «Democratic China, Inc.»: $1,000,000 (2005-2010)
2. Liu Xiaobo also received money from National Endowment for Democracy (NED) as president of «Independent Chinese PEN Centre, Inc.»:
2005: $99,500; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2005/
2006: $135,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2006/
2007: $135,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2007/
2008: $152,350; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2008/
2009: $152,950; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2009/
2010: $170,000; http://www.ned.org/region/asia/china-2010/
Total sum from NED for «Independent Chinese PEN Centre, Inc.»: US $844,800 (2005-2010)
Total support from NED during these six years is US$1,844,800, which at that time was about 14 million yuan – a huge sum of money in China – where salaries were about 25% of the level in the West.
Correction: The links above are not working any longer. It seems that NED is trying to conceal their support for Liu Xiaobo. But by using the WayBackMachine, it is still possible to find the original pages:
Original links recovered by using WayBackMachine at https://archive.org:
(Uses for unknown reasons 10-20 seconds to load)
(Then scroll down to Democratic China, Inc. and Independent Chinese PEN Centre, Inc.)
In which way were the NED-money transfered?
A money receipt from 2010 «Figure 1» and some supplement information «Figure 2» shows that the money for ‘Democratic China magazine’ (Minzhu Zhongguo) from NED were paid in three parts: US$23.004 for President and Editor in Chief Liu Xiaobo (at that time imprisoned), US$26.004 for Acting President/Editor in Chief Cai Tianyi, and US$18.000 for the magazines’ board member Zhang Zuhua.
How the rest of the NED-grant were transfered is not clear.
What’s the purpose of National Endowment for Democracy (NED)?
The purpose of the National Endowment for Democracy is to fund individuals, political parties and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) favorable to US interests.
In 1991, Allen Weinstein, who helped draft the legislation establishing NED, candidly said: «A lot of what we do today was done covertly 25 years ago by the CIA.» (Washington Post, Sept.22, 1991)
Testifying before the Sub-committee on International Operations and Human Rights of the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives on March 13,1997, Mr.Carl Gershman, President of the NED, said: «I just want to say that the Endowment’s work is based upon a very, very simple proposition. And that is, where there are people who share our values, where there are people who might be called the natural friends of America, then it is our obligation to help those people in some way.»
Bill Berkowitz of «Working for Change» writes: «The NED functions as a full-service infrastructure building clearinghouse. It provides money, technical support, supplies, training programs, media know-how, public relations assistance and state-of-the-art equipment to select political groups, civic organizations, labor unions, dissident movements, student groups, book publishers, newspapers, and other media. Its aim is to destabilize progressive movements, particularly those with a socialist or democratic socialist bent.»
Ralph McGehee writes: «… the current US policy of using (rightly or wrongly) the theme of human rights violations to alter or overthrow non-US-favored governments. In those countries emerging from the once Soviet Bloc that is forming new governmental systems; or where emerging or Third World governments resist US influence or control, the US uses ‘human rights violations,’ as an excuse for political action operations. ‘Human Rights’ replaces ‘Communist Conspiracy’ as the justification for overthrowing governments.»
Republican congressman from the Texas, Ron Paul, who is more Libertarian than Republican, writes: «The misnamed National Endowment for Democracy is nothing more than a costly program that takes US taxpayer funds to promote favored politicians and political parties abroad. What the NED does in foreign countries … would be rightly illegal in the United States. … The National Endowment for Democracy, by meddling in the elections and internal politics of foreign countries, does more harm to the United States than good. It creates resentment and ill-will toward the United States among millions abroad. It is beyond time to de-fund this Cold War relic and return to the foreign policy of our founders, based on open relations and trade with all countries and free from meddling and manipulation in the internal affairs of others.»
British writer Patrick French writes: «The NED constitutes, so to speak, the CIA’s ‘civilian arm’».
By receiving money from the US government funded «National Endowment for Democracy» Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese citizen, became an American agent.